A strong foundation will increase the safety and longevity of your building. Checks to ensure a solid foundation
- Before designing the foundation, it is best to conduct soil tests.
- The foundation must be laid on firm soil at a depth of 1.2m below the original ground level.
- It is important that the area of the foundation be large enough to safely transfer the weight to the ground.
- Mark the foundation location and size before digging. The foundation area depends on the soil’s load-bearing capacity.
Layout and earthwork
The layout marks the boundary lines of the foundation. The layout and excavation should be performed according to the drawing. Below are some helpful tips:
- Survey the site to get a layout plan
- Mark all trench excavation lines in relation to the walls’ centerline
- Make sure the excavation follows all levels, slopes, shapes, and patterns.
- Consolidate the excavation bed by watering and using ramming. Fill in soft or defective soil with lean concrete.
- For deep excavation, brace the sides with a tight soaring to prevent the collapse of the excavation area.
A termite infestation can cause structural damage to the new home builders in auckland and wood materials. Below are some useful tips on how to keep your house free of termites.
- Use the appropriate chemicals to treat the soil up to the level of the plinth around the foundation.
- The chemical barrier must be complete and continuous
- Treatment is possible before, during, and after construction.
- It is important to take care that chemicals do not contaminate domestic water sources.
This is a temporary construction to support the building while the concrete works are in progress. It also helps to build up the strength of the concreting prior to releasing it.
- Formwork should be designed and constructed so that it is rigid enough to support concrete during placement and compaction and, if possible, leak-proof in order to prevent concrete slurry from escaping.
- Release agent is used to smooth the finish on concrete.
- Before casting, the formwork must be thoroughly cleaned of foreign material.
Concrete mix must be prepared in the correct ratio and used within 30 minutes. For best results, you will need a mixer machine. The water ratio must be correct. Using more water will weaken the concrete and increase the cracking. Vertical vibrators are used to compact the concrete. Pour the concrete mix at a maximum height of 1.5 meters to prevent any separation of aggregates. To avoid water accumulation on the roof, it is important to maintain the slope and level of the roof when placing the concrete.
The walls of a building can be made strong and durable. Here are some tips:
- The Engineer will guide you on how to lay the bricks/blocks.
- Fill the joints and pack them with mortar from the same mix.
- Vertical joints should be staggered
- To ensure that the L/H ratio of block work is maintained, RCC bands with stool columns, etc., need to be provided in accordance with IS code
- Brickwork must be properly cured to ensure its strength
Measurement of a few steps is required to complete the work on reinforced cement concrete (RCC).
Mixing, batching, and placing:
Use a wooden container of a specific size for batching. This will allow you to maintain the right ratio of materials. For best results, always use a mixing machine. After preparation, you must place the entire concrete mix within 30 min. Water is needed to achieve the desired workability. Watering the concrete further weakens it and increases the possibility of cracking. Vibrator vertically to ensure proper compaction. Concrete should not be vibrated excessively. Water should not be added during compacting. Pour the concrete within a maximum height of 1.5 meters to prevent any separation of aggregates. To avoid water accumulation on the roof, the concrete should be placed with the slope and level of the roof in mind.
Curing is the process of retaining moisture in the concrete. The concrete gets its maximum strength and hardens during the curing process. The concrete begins to dry immediately after casting, so curing should begin within 12-15 hours of casting. The parts that are exposed to the air should be dried before they dry. The curing is done continuously according to the BIS codes. The curing period for concrete beams and slabs is usually 14 to 21 days.
Pond formation is recommended for flat surfaces such as floors, roofs, and so on. After the shuttering has been removed from columns, they should be wrapped in a used jute bag and kept damp by sparkling water intermittently at least 3-4 times a day for 2-3 weeks.
Best TMT Bars Manufacturer India is an important component of Reinforced Concrete. To prevent R.C.C. cracking, it is essential to use the correct steel and to place it correctly. Members. Below are some useful tips:
- The same grade and quality of the TMT bar should be used for the entire structure
- To minimize waste, plan bar bending well in advance.
- Use concrete blocks of the same strength at regular intervals.
- The reinforcement bars must be installed correctly and firmly.
- The bars should be joined by a bar of sufficient length, and the laps must be staggered.
The following are the key parameters that will help you to evaluate reinforcement bars.
- Tensile strength required
- Consistency of physical properties along the entire length of the bars
- Adequate ductility
- Reduced impurities
- It is easy to bend (during manufacture)
- Bond concrete
It provides stability by securing all stones or bricks together.
To protect your valuable construction, you must take the necessary steps to make it waterproof. There are many waterproofing techniques that you can use during construction as well as after.
Cost of construction itemized
The cost of building a house depends on its quality and how it is finished. The cost of building your home can be estimated by looking at the breakdown of costs.